• 49. Before going into battle, many Indian warriors would dress symbolically, with face paint, feathers, animal skins, and necklaces of pearl and shell.
    “Bobcat warrior” by Theodore Morris courtesy of Theodore Morris
  • 50. Balboa claimed the Pacific Ocean for Spain, 1513. De Soto sailed with Balboa's expedition to the Southern Sea in 1518.
    Illustration by F.E. Wright (1892) courtesy of North Wind Picture Archives
  • 51. “North Florida Native American Village”
    By John White (1585) courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum
  • 52. Apalachee Indians practicing slash and burn agriculture
    courtesy of Auburn University, Longleaf Alliance
  • 53. Conflict between the Europeans and natives occurred frequently during De Soto’s expedition.
    Engraving by Theodor de Bry (16th century) courtesy of the Library of Congress/Kraus Collection of Sir Francis Drake
  • 54. The survivors of the De Soto expedition built seven small brigadines, which they sailed down the Mississippi River to escape La Florida.
    “The Escape” by Hermann Trappman courtesy of Hermann Trappman
  • 55. Hernando de Soto taking leave of his wife, Isabel de Bobadilla, in Havana, Cuba before sailing for Florida in 1539
    “De Soto Taking Leave of His Wife” by Alfred Russell (1904) courtesy of the Granger Collection
  • 56. Apalachee men would display status by wearing skins from powerful animals, such as this black bear robe.
    “Apalachee with Bear Robe” by Theodore Morris courtesy of Theodore Morris
  • 57. De Soto received a gift of freshwater pearls from the lady of Cofitachequi.
    “Cofitachequi” by Hermann Trappman courtesy of Hermann Trappman
  • 58. Pánfilio de Narváez first claimed La Florida for Spain, in 1528.
    Illustration by Norval E. Packwood, Jr. (1965) courtesy of the State Archives of Florida
  • 59. Natives shooting arrows into an enemy village
    courtesy of the Library of Congress/Kraus Collection of Sir Francis Drake
  • 60. Tristan de Luna established a colony at modern-day Pensacola in 1559.
    “De Luna Landing” by Herbert Rudeen courtesy of the Pensacola Historic Society
  • 61. Florida Indian fishermen
    “Tocobaga Fishermen” by Hermann Trappman courtesy of Hermann Trappman
  • 62. Coastal Indian village as viewed from the water
    “Timucuan Village Scene” by Richard Schlecht courtesy of the National Park Service